Literature & Abstracts

The interest in endoscopic spine surgery is also reflected by the increasing number of publications. Innovative full-endoscopic procedures offer treatment solutions with gentle access to the spinal canal for a wide range of spinal pathologies. Clear advantages and the overall success of endoscopic surgical procedures are proven in clinical studies. The results suggest that endoscopic spinal surgery is increasingly regarded as the “gold standard”. The access to evidence-based publications is an integral part of the ESPINEA® training program.

Literature & Abstracts

Current Status and research hotspots in the field of full endoscopic spine surgery: A bibliometric analysis
Lin G-X, Zhu M-T, Kotheeranurak V, Lyu P, Chen C-M, Hu B-S; Front. Surg. (2022) 9

Evolution of endoscopic transforaminal lumbar approach for degenerative lumbar disease
Kim HS, Raorane HD, Wu PH, Yi YJ, Jang IT; Spine Surg 2020;6(2):424-437

Worldwide research productivity in the field of full-endoscopic spine surgery: a bibliometric study
Lin G-X, Kotheeranurak V, Mahatthanatrakul A, Ruetten S, Yeung A, Lee S-H, Ahn Y, Kim H-S, Hofstetter C, Lee J-H, Choi K-C, Lewandrowski K-U, Kim J-S; European Spine
Journal (2020) 29: 153-160

The evolution of interlaminar endoscopic spine surgery
Chen KT, Jabri H, Lokanath YK, Song M-S, Kim J-S; J Spine Surg (2020) 6(2): 502–512

The evolution of minimally invasive spine surgery
Yoon JW, Wang MY; J Neurosurg Spine (2019) 30:149-158

A History of Endoscopic Lumbar Spine Surgery: What Have We Learnt?
Mayer MH; Hindawi BioMed Research Int (2019): ID 4583943

Unsuccessful Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: A Single-Center
Experience of 10,228 Cases
Choi K-C, Lee J-H, Kim J-S, Sabal LA, Lee S, Kim H, and Lee S-H; Neurosurgery (2015) 76,
no. 4: 372–80

Learning curve of full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy
Hsu HT, Chang SJ, Yang SS, Chai CL; Eur. Spine J (2013) 22 (4): 727-733

Full-Endoscopic Interlaminar and Transforaminal Lumbar Discectomy Versus
Conventional Microsurgical Technique: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study
Ruetten S, Komp M, Merk H, Godolias G; Spine (2008) 33 (9):931-939

Endoscopic Transforaminal Discectomy for Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation:
A Prospective, Cohort Evaluation of 262 Consecutive Cases
Hoogland D, van den Brekel-Dijkstra K, Schubert M, Miklitz B;
Spine (2008) 33.9:973-978

Posterolateral Endoscopic Excision for Lumbar Disc Herniation: Surgical Technique,
Outcome, and Complications in 307 Consecutive Cases
Yeung AT, Tsou PM; Spine (2002) 27 (7): 722-731

Percutaneous Posterolateral Lumbar Discectomy and Decompression with a
6.9-Millimeter Cannula
Schaffer JL, Kambin P; The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (1991); 73 (6): 822–831

Full-endoscopic Transforaminal Discectomy Versus Open Microdiscectomy for
Sciatica: Update of a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Gadjradj PS, Harhangi BS; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2022 Sep 15; 47(18): E591-E594

Full endoscopic versus open discectomy for sciatica: randomised controlled
non-inferiority trial
Gadjradj PS, Rubinstein SM, Peul WC, Depauw PR, Vleggeert-Lankamp CL, Seiger A,
van Susante JLC, de Boer MR, van Tulder MW, Harhangi BS; BMJ (2022) 376: e065846

Comparative Effects and Safety of Full-Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Spinal
Decompression for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Meta-Analysis and Statistical Power
Analysis of 6 Randomized Controlled Trials
Yang Z, Wang H, Li W, Hu W; Neurospine (2022) 19: 996–1005

Biomechanics of Transforaminal Endoscopic Approaches
Farshad M, Hagel V, Spirig JM, Fasser M-R, Burkhard MD, Widmer J, Calek A-K; Spine
(Phila Pa 1976) (2022)

Endoscopic decompression for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: an updated
systematic review and meta-analysis
Perez-Roman RJ, Gaztanaga W, Lu VM, Wang MY; J Neurosurg Spine (2021): 1–9

Spinal endoscopy: evidence, techniques, global trends, and future projections
Simpson AK, Lightsey HM 4th, Xiong GX, Crawford AM, Minamide A, Schoenfeld AJ;
Spine J. 2021 Jul 13:S1529-9430(21)00819-6

Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy compared with other surgeries for
lumbar disc herniation: A meta-analysis
Bai X, Lian Y, Wang J, Zhang H, Jiang M, Zhang H, Pei B, Hu C, Yang Q; Medicine
(Baltimore). 2021 Mar 5; 100(9):e24747

Expanded Indications of Full Endoscopic Spine Sugery
Krishnan A, Kim HS, Raj A, and Dave BR; J Minim Invasive Spine Surg Tech (2021):
6(Suppl 1): S130-S156

Comparison of clinical and radiological outcomes of full-endoscopic versus
microscopic lumbar decompression laminectomy for the treatment of lumbar
spinal stenosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Tang S, Mok TN, He Q, Li L, Lai X, Sin TH, Deng J, Yu S, Li J, Wu H, ; Ann Palliat Med
(2021): apm-21-198

AOSpine Consensus Paper on Nomenclature for Working-Channel Endoscopic
Spinal Procedures
Hofstetter CP, Ahn Y, Choi G, Gibson JNA, Ruetten S, Zhou Y, Li ZZ, Siepe CJ,
Wagner R, Lee JH, Sairyo K, Choi KC, Chen CM, Telfeian AE, Zhang X, Banhot A,
Lokhande PV, Prada N, Shen J, Cortinas FC, Brooks NP, Van Daele P, Kotheeranurak V,
Hasan S, Keorochana G, Assous M, Härtl R, Kim JS;
Global Spine J (2020) 10(25): 111-121

Is Endoscopic Discectomy the Next Gold Standard in the Management of Lumbar Disc
Disease? Systematic Review and Superiority Analysis
Muthu S, Ramakrishnan E, Chellamuthu G; Global Spine J. (2020) Sept: 1-17

The Endoscopic Approach to Lumbar Discectomy, Fusion, and Enhanced Recovery:
A Review
Liounakos JI, Wang MY; Global Spine J. 2020 Apr;10(2 Suppl):65S-69S

The benefit zone of full-endoscopic spine surgery
Hasan S, Härtl R, Hofstetter CP; J. Spine Surg. (2019) 5(Suppl 1): S41-S56

Outcomes of endoscopic discectomy compared with open microdiscectomy and
tubular discectomy for lumbar disc herniations: a meta-analysis
Barber SM, Nakhla J, Konakondla S, Fridley JS, Oyelese AA, Gokaslan ZL, Telfeian AE;
J. Neurosurg Spine (2019) 6: 1-14

Endoscopic spine discectomy: indications and outcomes
Ahn Y; International Orthopaedics (2019) 43: 909–916

A randomised controlled trial of transforaminal endoscopic discectomy vs
Gibson JNA, Subramanian AS, Scott CEH; Eur Spine J (2017) 26:847–856

Endoscopic Spine Surgery: Distance Patients Will Travel for Minimally Invasive
Spine Surgery
Telfeian AE, Iprenburg M, Wagner R; Pain Physician (2017) 20:E145-E149

Transforaminal endoscopic spinal surgery: The future ‘gold standard’ for
discectomy? A review
Gibson JNA, Cowie JG, Iprenburg M; The Surgeon (2012) 10.5:290-296

Cost-effectiveness of full endoscopic versus open discectomy for sciatica
Gadjradj PS, Broulikova HM, Dongen JM van, Rubinstein SM, Depauw PR, Vleggeert C,
Seiger A, Peul WC, van Susante JL, van Tulder MW, Harhangi BS; Br J Sports Med (2022):

Comparison of direct costs of percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar
discectomy and microdiscectomy: Results from Turkey
Ünsal ÜÜ, Şentürk S.; Ideggyogy Sz (2021) 74: 197–205

Cost-effectiveness of microdiscectomy versus endoscopic discectomy for lumbar
disc herniation
Choi K-C, Shim H-K, Kim J-S, Cha KH, Lee DC, Kim ER, Kim MJ, Park C-K;
Spine J (2019) 19: 1162–1169

A Cost-utility Analysis of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy for
L5-S1 Lumbar Disc Herniation: Transforaminal versus Interlaminar
Wang D, Xie W, Cao W, He S, Fan G, Zhang H; Spine (Phila Pa 1976) (2019) 44:

Efficacy of Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System (TESSYS) Technique in
Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation
Pan Z, Ha Y, Yi S, Cao K; Med Sci Monit (2016) 22:530-539

Learning curve for endoscopic posterior cervical foraminotomy
Perfetti DC, Rogers-LaVanne MP, Satin AM, Yap N, Khan I, Kim P, Hofstetter CP, Derman
PB; Eur Spine J (2023): doi:10.1007/s00586-023-07623-6

Microscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Versus Posterior Percutaneous
Endoscopic Cervical Keyhole Foraminotomy for Single-level Unilateral Cervical
Radiculopathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Guo L, Wang J, Zhao Z, Li J, Zhao H, Gao Y, Chen C; Clinical Spine Surgery (2023) 36: 59

The first experience with fully endoscopic posterior cervical foraminotomy and
discectomy for radiculopathy performed in Viet Duc University Hospital
Dinh SN, Dinh HT; Sci Rep (2022) 12: 8314

Clinical efficacy and learning curve of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical
laminoforaminotomy for patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy
Yao R, Yan M, Liang Q, Wang H, Liu Z, Li F, Zhang H, Li K, Sun F; Medicine (2022) 101:

Comparison of Percutaneous Endoscopic Cervical Keyhole Foraminotomy versus
Microscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion for Single Level Unilateral
Cervical Radiculopathy
Ma W, Peng Y, Zhang S, Wang Y, Gan K, Zhao X, Xu D; IJGM (2022) 15: 6897–6907

Clinical Efficacy of Posterior Percutaneous Endoscopic Unilateral Laminotomy with
Bilateral Decompression for Symptomatic Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
Zhao X-B, Ma Y-J, Ma H-J, Zhang X-Y, Zhou H-G; Orthop Surg (2022): doi:10.1111/

Outcome of Anterior and Posterior Endoscopic Procedures for Cervical Radiculopathy
Due to Degenerative Disk Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Alomar SA, Maghrabi Y, Baeesa SS, Alves ÓL; Global Spine J (2021); 21925682211037270

Comparative evaluation of posterior percutaneous endoscopy cervical discectomy
using a 3.7 mm endoscope and a 6.9 mm endoscope for cervical disc herniation:
a retrospective comparative cohort study
Yu T, Wu J-P, Zhang J, Yu H-C, Liu Q-Y; BMC Musculoskelet Disord (2021) 22: 131

Full endoscopic cervical spine surgery
Shen J, Telfeian AE, Shaaya E, Oyelese A, Fridley J, Gokaslan ZL; J Spine Surgery (2020)
6(2): 383–390

Full endoscopic unilateral laminotomy for bilateral decompression of the cervical
spine: surgical technique and early experience
Carr DA, Abecassis IJ, Hofstetter CP; J Spine Surg (2020) 6: 447–456

Full-endoscopic discectomy for thoracic disc herniations: a single-arm meta-analysis of
safety and efficacy outcomes
Silva JDS, Carelli LE, de Oliveira JAA, de Araújo RML; Eur Spine J (2023)

Comparison of the Short-Term Efficacy of Percutaneous Endoscopic Thoracic
Decompression and Laminectomy in the Treatment of Thoracic Ossification of the
Ligamentum Flavum
Bian F, Zhang J, Bian G, Wang D, Chen B, An Y; World Neurosurgery (2022): doi:10.1016/j.

Comparative Analysis of Transforaminal Endoscopic Thoracic Discectomy and Microscopic
Discectomy for Symptomatic Thoracic Disc Herniation
Bae J, Kim J, Lee S-H, Kim J-S; Neurospine (2022) 19: 555–562

Treatment of Refractory Multilevel Thoracic Spondylodiscitis Using Ultra-Minimally
Invasive Endoscopic Approach for Debridement and Drainage: A Technical Note,
Intraoperative Video and Literature Review
Barber SM, Sofoluke N, Reardon T, Telfeian A, Konakondla S; World Neurosurgery (2022)

Full Endoscopic Surgery for Thoracic Pathology: Next Step after Mastering Lumbar and
Cervical Endoscopic Spine Surgery?
Bae J, Lee S-H, Wagner R, Shen J, Telfeian AE; BioMed Research International (2022):

Comparative Clinical and Radiographic Cohort Study: Uniportal Thoracic Endoscopic
Laminotomy With Bilateral Decompression by Using the 1-Block Resection Technique
and Thoracic Open Laminotomy With Bilateral Decompression for Thoracic Ossified
Ligamentum Flavum
Kim HS, Wu PH, Kim J-Y, Lee YJ, Kim DH, Lee JH, Jeon JB, Jang I-T; Oper Neurosurg
(Hagerstown) 2022

Comparison of percutaneous endoscopic thoracic decompression and posterior
thoracic laminectomy for treating thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum:
a retrospective study
Yang F-K, Li P-F, Dou C-T, Yu R-B, Chen B; BMC Surgery (2022) 22: 85

Full endoscopic surgery for thoracic pathology: an assessment of supportive evidence
Gibson R, Wagner R, Gibson A; EOR, volume 6, January 2021

Endoscopic Spine Surgery of the Cervicothoracic Spine: A Review of Current Applications
Shen J, Shaaya E, Bae J, Telfeian AE; Int J Spine Surg (2021) 15: S93–S103

Five-Year Outcomes After Transforaminal Endoscopic Foraminotomy and Discectomy
for Soft and Calcified Thoracic Disc Herniations
Houra K, Saftic R, Knight M; Int J Spine Surg (2021): doi:10.14444/8071

Thoracic Endoscopic Spine Surgery: A Comprehensive Review
Fiani B, Siddiqi I, Reardon T, Sarhadi K, Newhouse A, Gilliland B, Davati C, Villait A; Int J
Spine Surg (2020); 14(5): 762-7713

Transforaminal endoscopic thoracic discectomy with foraminoplasty for the
treatment of thoracic disc herniation
Bae J, Chachan S, Shin S-H, Lee S-H; J. Spine Surg (2020) 6(2): 397-404

Fully Endoscopic 360° Decompression Surgery for Thoracic Spinal Stenosis:
Technical Note and Report of 8 Cases
Shen J, Telfeian AE; Pain Physician (2020) 23: E659–E663

Percutaneous Endoscopic Thoracic Decompression for Thoracic Spinal Stenosis Under
Local Anesthesia
Cheng X-K, Chen B; World Neurosurgery (2020) 139: 488–494

Percutaneous Endoscopic Thoracic Discectomy in the Upper and Midthoracic Spine:
A Technical Note
Bae J, Chachan S, Shin S-H, Lee S-H; Neurospine (2019) 16: 148–153

Full-Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy Approach Selection — A Systematic Review
And Proposed Algorithm
Kotheeranurak V, Liawrungrueang W, Quillo-Olvera J, Siepe CJ, Li ZZ, Lokhande PV, Choi
G, Ahn Y, Chen CM, Choi KC, Van Isseldyk F, Hagel V, Koichi S, Hofstetter CP, Del Curto D,
Zhou Y, Bolai C, Bae JS, Assous M, Lin GX, Jitpakdee K, Liu Y, Kim J-S; Spine (2023)

Impact of the learning curve of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy on
clinical outcomes: a systematic review
Ali R, Hagan MJ, Bajaj A, Alastair Gibson JN, Hofstetter CP, Waschke A, Lewandrowski
K-U, Telfeian AE; Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery (2023):101738

Initial learning curve after switching to uniportal endoscopic discectomy for lumbar
disc herniations
Olinger C, Coffman A, Campion C, Thompson K, Gardocki R; Eur Spine J 2023

Clinical efficacy of transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy for lumbar
degenerative diseases: A minimum 6-year follow-up
Tang J, Li Y, Wu C, Xie W, Li X, Gan X, Lu Q; Front Surg (2022) 9: 1004709

A comparative study of percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy and
transforaminal discectomy for L5-S1 calcified lumbar disc herniation
Cheng Y-P, Cheng X-K, Wu H; BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2022) 23: 244

Indications and Contraindications of Full-Endoscopic Interlaminar Lumbar
Wagner R, Haefner M; World Neurosurg (2021) 145: 657–662

Comparison of Interlaminar and Transforaminal Approaches for Treatment of L5/S1
Disc Herniation by Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy
Gao A, Yang H, Zhu L, Hu Z, Lu B, Jin Q, Wang Y, Gu X; Orthop Surg (2021) 13: 63–70

Technical Considerations of Interlaminar Approach for Lumbar Disc Herniation
Chen KT, Tseng C, Sun LW, Chang KS, Chen CM. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jan;145:612-620

Technical Considerations of the Transforaminal Approach for Lumbar Disk Herniation
Ju CI; World Neurosurg. 2021 Jan;145:597-611

Endoscopic and Microscopic Interlaminar Discectomy for the Treatment of Far-
Migrated Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Retrospective Study with a 24-Month Follow-Up
Yang F, Ren L, Ye Q, Qi J, Xu K, Chen R, Fan X; Journal of Pain Research. 2021

Clinical Efficacy Study of the Quadrant Channel and Delta Large Channel Technique in
the Treatment of Lumbar Degenerative Diseases
Zhang J-J, Zhou C-L, Sun C, Xu D-R, Bao M, Liu Y; Journal of General Medicine. 2021

Comparison of the Outcomes of Percutaneous Endoscopic Interlaminar Lumbar
Discectomy and Open Lumbar Microdiscectomy at the L5-S1 Level
Song SK, Son S, Choi SW, Kim HK; Pain Physician (2021) 24: E467–E475

Clinical Comparison of Full-Endoscopic and Microscopic Unilateral Laminotomy
for Bilateral Decompression in the Treatment of Elderly Lumbar Spinal stenosis:
A Retrospective Study with 12-Month Follow-Up
Yang F, Chen R, Gu D, Ye Q, Liu W, Qi J, Xu K, Fan Xiaohong; J Pain Res (2020) 13: 1377–1384

Minimum 2-Year Efficacy of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy versus
Microendoscopic Discectomy: A Meta-Analysis
Xu J, Li Y, Wang B, Lv G, Li L, Dai Y, Jiang B, Zheng Z; World Neurosurg (2020) 138: 19-26

Clinical outcomes of MED and iLESSYS® Delta for the treatment of lumbar central spinal
stenosis and lateral recess stenosis: A comparison study
Wu B, Xiong C, Tan L, Zhao D, Xu F, Kang H; Experimental Therapeutic Medicine (2020);

The Endoscopic Trans-Superior Articular Process Approach: A Novel Minimally
Invasive Surgical Corridor to the Lateral Recess
Hasan S, White-Dzuro B, Barber JK, Wagner R, Hofstetter CP; Oper Neurosurg
(Hagerstown) 2020; 19: E1–E10

Comparison of clinical outcomes following minimally invasive or lumbar endoscopic
unilateral laminotomy for bilateral decompression
McGrath LB, White-Dzuro GA, Hofstetter CP; J Neurosurg Spine (2019): 1–9

Comparison of full-endoscopic and minimally invasive decompression for lumbar spinal
stenosis in the setting of degenerative scoliosis and spondylolisthesis
Hasan S, McGrath LB, Sen RD, Barber JK, Hofstetter CP; Neurosurg Focus (2019) 46: E16

Contralateral facet-sparing sublaminar endoscopic foraminotomy for the treatment of
lumbar lateral recess stenosis: technical note
Krzok G, Telfeian AE, Wagner R, Hofstetter CP, Iprenburg M; J Spine Surg (2017) 3(2): 260-266

Foraminoplastic Superior Vertebral Notch Approach with Reamers in Percutaneous
Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: Technical Note and Clinical Outcome in Limited
Indications of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy
Lee CW, Yoon KJ, Ha SH, Kang JK; J Korean Neurosurg Soc (2016) 59 (2): 172-181

Efficacy of Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System (TESSYS) Technique in Treating
Lumbar Disc Herniation
Pan Z, Ha Y, Yi S, Cao K; Med Sci Monit (2016) 22:530-539

The Role of the Endoscope in Spinal Oncology: A Systematic Review of Applications
and Systematic Analysis of Patient Outcomes
Sofoluke N, Barber SM, Telfeian AE, Hofstettet CP, Konakondla S; World Neurosurg
(2022) 164, 33-40

Endoscopic Techniques for Spinal Oncology: A Systematic Literature Review
Ali R, Hagan MJ, Shaaya E, Leary OP, Feler J, Bajaj A, Gokaslan Z, Konakondla S, Mahan
MA, Wagner R, Lewandrowski KU, Telfeian AE; Int J Spine Surg. 2022 Nov 28:8412

The History of Neurosurgical Spinal Oncology: From Inception to Modern-Day Practices
Shao MM, Rubino S, DiRisio DJ, German JW. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jun;150:101-109

Evaluation of open and minimally invasive spinal surgery for the treatment of
thoracolumbar metastatic epidural spinal cord compression: a systematic review
Alshareef M, Klapthor G, Alawieh A, Lowe S, Frankel B. Eur Spine J. 2021 May 30

A Novel Endoscopic Technique for Biopsy and Tissue Diagnosis for a Paraspinal
Thoracic Tumor in a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report
Konakondla S, Nakhla J, Xia J, Barber SM, Fridley JS, Oyelese AA, Gokaslan ZL, Rainov
NG, Haritonov DG, Wagner R, Telfeian AE. Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Feb;14(s4): S66-S70

Full-Endoscopic Resection of Osteoid Osteoma in the Thoracic Spine: A Case Report
Bergamaschi JPM, Costa CAM, Sandon LH. Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Feb; 14(s4):S78-S86

Percutaneous Endoscopic Excision and Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma of the Lumbar
Spine and Sacrum: A Technical Note and Outcomes
Xie T, Xiu P, Song Y, Zeng J, Huang S. World Neurosurg. 2020 Jan;133:121-126

Transforaminal Endoscopic Approach for Large-Sample Tumor Biopsy using Beveled
Working Channel for Core Technique: A Technical Note
Konakondla S, Sofoluke N, Xia J, Grant R, Telfeian AE, Hofstetter CP, Slotkin JR; World
Neurosurg. (2020) 141: 346-351

The Role of Minimal Access Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Metastatic Tumors
Barzilai O, Bilsky MH, Laufer I; Global Spine J. (2020) 10(2S): 79-87

Endoscopic surgical treatment for symptomatic spinal metastases in long-term cancer
Telfeian AE, Oyelese A, Fridley J, Doberstein C, Gokaslan ZL; J. Spine Surgery (2020)
6(2): 372-382

Percutaneous Full-Endoscopic Removal of Lumbar Intradural Extramedullary Tumor
via Translaminar Approach
Şentürk S, Ünsal ÜÜ. World Neurosurg. 2019 May;125:146-149

“Microendoscopic” versus “pure endoscopic” surgery for spinal intradural mass
lesions: a comparative study and review
Dhandapani S, Karthigeyan M. Spine J. 2018 Sep;18(9):1592-1602

Endoscopic Techniques for Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Principles and Context
Zheng B, Shaaya E, Feler J, Leary OP, Hagan MJ, Bajaj A, Fridley JS, Hassel F,
Gardocki R, Grau CR, Lewandrowski K-U, Telfeian AE; BioMed Research International
(2022): e4979231

Learning Curve and Initial Outcomes of Full-Endoscopic Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Tan R, Lv X, Wu P, Li Y, Dai Y, Jiang B, Ren B, Lv G, Wang B; Front Surg (2022) 9: 890689

Comparison of Clinical Outcomes and Complications Between Endoscopic and
Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative
Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Guo H, Song Y, Weng R, Tian H, Yuan J, Li Y; Global Spine J 2022

Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar
Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Lumbar Degenerative Diseases: A Systematic
Review and Meta-Analysis
Kou Y, Chang J, Guan X, Chang Q, Feng H. World Neurosurg. 2021 Aug;152:e352-e368

Full-Endoscopic Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Epidural Anesthesia:
Technical Note and Initial Clinical Experience with One-Year Follow-Up
Jiang C, Yin S, Wei J, Zhao W, Wang X, Zhang Y, Hao D, Du H. JPR 2021; 14: 3815–3826

Technical Considerations of Uniportal Endoscopic Posterolateral Lumbar
Interbody Fusion: A Review of Its Early Clinical Results in Application in Adult
Degenerative Scoliosis
Kim HS, Wu PH, Lee YJ, Kim DH, Jang IT. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jan; 145:682-692

Technical Considerations of Endoscopic Kambin‘s Triangle Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Basil GW, Wang MY. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jan;145:670-681

Uniportal Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Wagner R, Haefner M; Neurospine (2020) 17:120-128

Surgical Outcomes After Single-Level Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody
Fusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Stone CE, Myers BL, Gupta S, Giles TX, Patel NA, Gendreau JL, Abraham ME, Mammis A;
Cureus (2020) 12(10): e11052

Clinical Results and Complications of Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion for
Lumbar Degenerative Disease: A Meta-Analysis
Heo DH, Lee DC, Kim HS, Park CK, Chung H; World Neurosurg. (2020) 145: 396-404

Enhanced Recovery Following Interbody Fusion by Transforaminal Endoscopic Techniques
Gibson JNA, Wagner R, Illerhaus B; Conference Paper Global Spine Congress 2019,

Fully Endoscopic Lumbar Laminectomy and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Under Local Anesthesia with Conscious Sedation: A Case Series
Shen J; World Neurosurg (2019) 127: 745-750

Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technical Note and Preliminary
Clinical Experience with 2-Year Follow-Up
Wu J; Liu H Ao S, Zheng W, Li C, Li H, Pan Y, Zhang C, Zhou Y; BioMed Research
International (2018) 5806037

Reduced Acute Care Costs With the ERAS® Minimally Invasive Transforaminal
Lumbar Interbody Fusion Compared With Conventional Minimally Invasive
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Wang MY, Chang HK, Grossman J; Neurosurg (2018) 83:827-834

Endoscopic Facet Joint Denervation on the Lumbar Spine: A Retrospective Analysis
Wallscheid F, Manthey M, Olsen J, Oikonomidis S, Meyer C, Eysel P, Löhrer L, Bredow J; Asian
Spine J (2022)

Endoscopic Rhizotomy for Facetogenic Back Pain: A Review of the History, Financial
Considerations, Patient Selection Criteria and Clinical Outcomes
Streetman D, Fricker JG, Garner GL, Webb AL, Pierzchajlo N, Patel NA, Howard NA, Hardin
EM, Smith TE, Hagley AJ, Brown NJ, Gendreau JL; World Neurosurgery (2022)

Endoscopic radiofrequency facet joint treatment in patients with low back pain:
technique and long-term results. A prospective cohort study
Meloncelli S, Germani G, Urti, I, Divizia M, Rosciano M, Puntillo F, Paladini A, Varrassi
G; Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease (2020) 12: 1-10

Endoscopic rhizotomy for chronic lumbar zygapophysial joint pain
Xue Y, Ding T, Wang D, Zhao J, Yang H, Gu X, Feng D, Zhang Y, Liu H, Tang F, Wang W, Lu
M, Wu C. J Orthop Surg Res. 2020 Jan 3;15(1):4

Endoscopic facet joint denervation for treatment of chronic lower back pain
Walter SG, Struwe C, Scheidt S, Strohmenger L, Bornemann R, Wirtz DC, Clin Neurol
Neurosurg (2020) 195: 105904

Endoscopic Sacrolumbar Facet Joint Denervation in Osteoarthritic and Degenerated
Zygapophyseal Joints
Walter SG, Schildberg FA, Rommelspacher Y; Arthrosc Tech. 2018 Nov 12;7(12):e1275-e1279

Endoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation of the Sacroiliac Joint Complex in the Treatment
of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Preliminary Study of Feasibility and Efficacy of a Novel
Choi WS, Kim JS, Ryu KS, Hur JW, Seong JH, Cho HJ; BioMed Res International (2016)

Full-endoscopic spine surgery diminishes surgical site infections – a propensity
score-matched analysis
Mahan MA, Prasse T, Kim RB, Sivakanthan S, Kelly KA, Kashlan ON, Bredow J, Eysel P,
Wagner R, Bajaj A, Telfeian AE, Hofstetter CP; The Spine Journal 2023

Contraindications and Complications of Full Endoscopic Lumbar Decompression for
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review
Ju C-I, Kim P, Ha S-W, Kim S-W, Lee S-M; World Neurosurgery 2022; 168: 398–410

Complications of Full-Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy versus Open Lumbar
Microdiscectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Yang C-C, Chen C-M, Lin MH-C, Huang W-C, Lee M-H, Kim J-S, Chen K-T; World
Neurosurgery (2022) 168: 333–348

Comparison of hidden blood loss and clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic
transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar
interbody fusion
Ge M, Zhang Y, Ying H, Feng C, Li Y, Tian J, Zhao T, Shao H, Huang Y; International
Orthopaedics (SICOT) 2022

Enhanced recovery after surgery pathway reduces the length of hospital stay without
additional complications in lumbar disc herniation treated by percutaneous endoscopic
transforaminal discectomy
Duojun W, Hui Z, Zaijun L, Yuxiang G, Haihong C. J Orthop Surg Res. 2021 Jul

Eight Surgical Interventions for Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Network Meta-Analysis
on Complications
Wei F-L, Li T, Gao Q-Y, Yang Y, Gao H-R, Qian J-X, Zhou C-P, Front Surg (2021) 8:

Complications and risk factors of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal
discectomy in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis
Fan N, Yuan S, Du P, Wu Q, Wang T, Wang A, Li J, Kong X, Zhu W, Zang L;
BMC Musculoskelet Disord (2021) 22: 1041

Complication rates of different discectomy techniques for symptomatic lumbar disc
herniation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Chen X, Chamoli U, Vargas Castillo J, Ramakrishna VAS, Diwan AD. Eur Spine J. 2020

Incidental Durotomy During Endoscopic Stenosis Lumbar Decompression: Incidence,
Classification, and Proposed Management Strategies
Kim HS, Raorane HD, Wu PH, Heo DH, Sharma SB, Jang I-T; World Neurosurg (2020)
139: e13–e22

Is Full Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy Less Invasive Than Conventional Surgery?
A Randomized MRI Study
Tacconi L, Signorelli F, Giordan E; World Neurosurg (2020) 138: e867–e875

Incidence and Implications of Incidental Durotomy in Transforaminal Endoscopic
Spine Surgery: Case Series
Telfeian AE, Shen J, Ali R, Oyelese A, Fridley J, Gokaslan ZL; World Neurosurg (2020) 134:

Comparison of tissue damages caused by endoscopic lumbar discectomy and
traditional lumbar discectomy: A randomised controlled trial
Pan L, Zhang P, Yin Q; International Journal of Surgery (2014) 12: 534–537

Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy: technical tips to prevent
Ahn Y; Expert Med Dev Revises (2012) 9 (4): 361-366

Literature of Endoscopic Spine Surgery

The offering of literature around endoscopic spine surgery is comprehensive and continuously increasing globally.

The following is a selection of remarkable titles. The special edition “Atlas of Full-Endoscopic Spine Surgery” is certainly a “must have” book for surgeons who begin their learning journey of minimally-invasive endoscopic spine surgery and who are committed to mastering this progressive method in order to improve patients’ outcomes.

For patients, and equally for spine experts, the book “Lower Back Pain Hernia, Acute Lumbago. How to Get Rid of It” is an easy to read literature based on scientific evidence including numerous illustrations to show patients from where pain is coming from, what they can do about back complaints and what they can do to prevent them.

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